Professional Advisory – Additional Qualifications: Extending Professional Knowledge
The Council of the College approved a professional advisory on extending professional knowledge through additional qualifications on March 28, 2008.
The intent of this advisory is to clarify for members the purpose of the regulated system of qualifications in a division or subject, commonly referred to as Additional Basic Qualifications (ABQs) and Additional Qualifications (AQs). They play an important role in a teacher’s ongoing professional learning. This advisory is the outcome of an intensive review of teachers’ qualifications by the College, its members and its education partners.
Additional Qualifications: Extending Professional Knowledge
Ongoing professional learning is an integral part of teaching. The College mandate includes a requirement to provide for the ongoing education of members. The profession’s standards reflect the expectation that all members will participate in ongoing learning. Adding to professional knowledge enhances teaching practice, which improves student learning.
Ongoing learning, as expressed in the College’s Professional Learning Framework, covers a wide range of activities that help members expand their knowledge, increase their skills and prepare for career changes.
Many valuable courses and opportunities are offered by universities, colleges, teacher federations, principals’ organizations, school boards, subject organizations and community organizations.
The regulated system of Additional Basic Qualifications (ABQs) and Additional Qualifications (AQs) is one form of professional learning. ABQs/AQs are recognized in legislation, accredited by the College, offered by providers approved by the College and, when successfully completed, recorded on the member’s Certificate of Qualification and Registration.
The College works with experts to develop guidelines that providers must use in creating ABQs and AQs. Guidelines establish content, learning expectations, instructional strategies and forms of assessment. The College itself does not conduct courses or programs.
Each year, thousands of members enrol in and complete additional qualification courses. The College is committed to increasing accessibility to these courses because of the unique educational value they offer to College members. Some additional qualifications are recognized for salary purposes.
This advisory presents members with an excellent opportunity to assess their plans for ongoing professional learning.
Additional Basic Qualifications courses allow teachers to add another division or subject area to what they are already qualified to teach. ABQ courses can prepare teachers to teach students at the Primary, Junior, Intermediate or Senior level or in Technological Education. They can also provide English or French-speaking teachers with the skills to work in the other language.
Additional Qualifications courses allow members to expand their knowledge and skills within the divisions and subjects in which they are already qualified or to acquire knowledge in new subject areas. Specialist and honour specialist courses allow teachers to focus on leadership and curriculum development.
The College’s review of teachers’ qualifications in 2006 resulted in the creation or revision of more than 150 ABQs and AQs. Out-of-date courses have been dropped and some courses modified to respond to changes to the Ontario curriculum.
The new courses reflect the evolution of the education environment and requests from College members. Some examples are:
- Aboriginal Peoples: Understanding Traditional Teachings, Histories, Current Issues and Cultures
- Enseignement en milieu minoritaire
- Special Education for Administrators
- Teaching in the Catholic School System
- Teaching and Learning through E-learning.
Members can access a complete list of additional qualifications on the College web site at www.oct.ca.
Qualifications in regulation
Most additional qualifications are organized into six schedules – A, B, C, D, E and F – that are part of the Teachers’ Qualifications Regulation:
- Schedule A: One-session Additional Basic Qualifications courses prepare members to teach in another division or general education subject area. They also support a teacher’s professional practice by extending skills and knowledge in design, delivery and assessment in the division or subject.
- Schedule B: One-session Additional Basic Qualifications courses prepare members to teach additional technological education courses. They support a teacher’s professional practice by adding to technical proficiency and pedagogical knowledge and skill.
- Schedule C: One-session Additional Qualifications courses extend teachers’ knowledge and skills in design and delivery of specific programs. They also support professional practice by preparing teachers for specific roles.
- Schedule D: Three-part specialist courses develop professional knowledge and teaching practice in a particular subject or in cross or integrated curriculum areas. They enable teachers to explore pedagogy related to a subject area without taking more subject-specific university courses. They also prepare a teacher to assume leadership roles such as co-ordinator or consultant for a particular course or program.
- Schedule E: One-session honour specialist courses in general education and one-session honour technological education specialist courses develop leadership in teaching practice for the design and delivery of particular subject areas. They may allow a teacher to assume leadership roles for particular courses or programs.
- Schedule F: One-session courses to provide technological education teachers with the opportunity to gain a greater depth of knowledge in their broad-based technology area. This new schedule will be effective in September 2011.
Principal’s Qualifications, Parts 1 and 2, qualify teachers for positions as vice-principals or principals. In addition, the Principal’s Development Course provides opportunities for practising principals and vice-principals to explore their roles in greater depth. The Supervisory Officer’s Qualification Program qualifies members to serve as supervisory officers.
Expectations of members
Throughout their careers, teachers acquire additional skills and knowledge to take on new assignments and responsibilities.
A change in interests or employment prospects may prompt teachers to add another subject area or division to their qualifications. Changes in technology or in their students’ needs may lead teachers to search out courses that add to their knowledge and support their professional practice. A teacher’s long-term career plan may include acquiring qualifications to become a consultant, subject area or program co ordinator, principal or supervisory officer.
Members are responsible for learning what prerequisites are necessary to enrol in courses or programs and to apply for some jobs. Prerequisites are set out in regulation, but faculties of education or providers may impose additional requirements for entry, such as a stronger subject background or proficiency in the language of study. For example, faculties of education or providers offering ABQs from Schedule A set their own prerequisites for enrolment. Most require at least three full courses in the subject in a postsecondary degree.
Teachers interested in working for a district school board as a subject or program co-ordinator or consultant will find that Regulation 298, Operation of Schools requires the position to be filled by a teacher with a specialist or honour specialist qualification in the relevant field.
The scenarios included as part of this advisory give examples of what additional qualifications members may acquire in response to particular teaching assignments or in pursuit of a particular professional interest.
Members of the College look for professional learning opportunities that will continually enhance their teaching. For example, a teacher qualified to teach primary grades might take the three-part Primary Education to build on what they learned in initial teacher education.
Here are some examples of the learning opportunities members of the College might choose.
To increase understanding of theunique aspects of the teaching and learning environment
Whether you work in the Catholic system, in a school in a First Nations community, in a French-language milieu, or in another unique learning environment, courses in Schedule C can provide an orientation to teaching in that environment.
Such courses include Adapting Curriculum for the Catholic School System, Leadership en milieu minoritaire, Teaching Cayuga (or one of six other Native languages), Teaching Combined Grades or Alternative Education.
To expand the range of subjects one can teach at Intermediate/Senior Division level
Teachers with general education qualifications who want to add to the subjects they are qualified to teach can take an Additional Basic Qualification (ABQ) from Schedule A.
A teacher with technological qualifications wanting to add another technological education qualification can take any other ABQ from Schedule B for teaching Grades 9 and 10, provided the teacher can demonstrate competency in the subject as defined by the faculty of education. To teach Grade 11 and 12 students, a teacher with technological education qualifications must have one year of work experience
or one year of academic study in the subject or an equivalent combination, and must demonstrate competency in the area of study.
To extend knowledge of teaching in the French-language system
Teachers who want to extend their knowledge of the unique aspects of teaching in the French-language system could:
- complete an AQ in Schedule C such as Leadership en milieu minoritaire or Enseignement en milieu minoritaire
- complete a Qualification de base additionnelle
- complete the three-part AQ Actualisation linguistique en français / Perfectionnement du français (ALF/PDF) in Schedule D.
To supervise or co-ordinate a subject or department
A teacher wanting to apply to supervise or co-ordinate programs at the board level must hold a specialist or honour specialist qualification in the subject or program area. Specialist or honour specialist AQs are listed in Schedule D and E.
To become a principal
A member of the College wanting to become a principal must successfully complete Principal’s Qualifications, Parts 1 and 2 and a leadership practicum.
Prerequisites for Part 1 Principal’s Qualifications are:
- five years of teaching experience in an elementary or secondary school
- qualifications in three divisions, including the Intermediate Division, or Grades 9 and 10 in a technological education subject
- additional academic learning that ranges from a combination of specialist or honour specialist courses and master’s level credits.
Once all parts of the program are successfully completed, the member is eligible to be assigned to a position as a vice-principal or principal.
To acquire knowledge of students with special needs
College members who have students with special needs in their classroom or who want to accommodate students with special needs can take Special Education, Part I of a three-session AQ in Schedule D. This provides a background for teaching all exceptionalities.
Teachers who want to study a particular area of special needs can take one or more AQs in Schedule C, such as Teaching Students with Behavioural Needs, Teaching Students with Communication Needs (Autism Spectrum Disorders) or Teaching Students with Intellectual Needs (Giftedness).
Successfully completed AQs
Once a teacher has successfully completed an AQ or ABQ, the course provider notifies the College, which adds the qualification to the member’s record. The completed additional qualification appears on the member’s certificate and on the public register.
The additional qualifications listed on a member’s certificate are an acknowledgement by the profession and to the public that the member is qualified to teach in the divisions, subject areas and roles indicated. The listed AQs also provide information to course providers that a teacher has the prerequisites that may be required to enrol in some courses.
Additional qualification courses are designed by teachers for teachers. The courses and programs that make up the system of additional qualifications reflect the experience and pedagogy of the teaching profession in Ontario.
The acquisition of AQs may result in an improvement in the member’s salary. The Ontario Secondary School Teachers’ Federation (OSSTF) or the Qualifications Evaluation Council of Ontario (QECO) evaluate qualifications for salary categories. For more information about which additional qualifications courses are related to salary scales, members should contact QECO or OSSTF Certification.
Commitment to learning
A commitment to student learning, one of teaching’s key professional values, presupposes a commitment to teacher learning.
The Ethical Standards for the Teaching Profession describe the beliefs and values that guide the professional judgment and actions of College members. The four ethical standards – care, respect, trust and integrity – establish the core ethics of teaching. Care includes insight for developing students’ potential. Respect includes honouring cognitive development. Trust includes inspiring confidence in students and their parents. Integrity includes continual reflection. Ongoing professional learning enhances these attributes.
The Standards of Practice for the Teaching Profession provide a framework of principles that describes the knowledge, skills and values inherent in the profession. Ongoing professional learning, one of the five standards, is integral to effective practice and to student learning.
The College has developed the Professional Learning Framework for the Teaching Profession to place ongoing professional learning in a career-long context. This framework identifies accredited initial and ongoing courses and programs designed to reflect the ethical standards and standards of practice. It also describes the many other ways in which members engage in professional learning to improve their practice and enhance student learning.
The legislative context
The College’s mandate, set out in the Ontario College of Teachers Act, emphasizes the importance of supporting and promoting teacher education. The College’s mandate is to:
- develop and maintain qualifications for College membership
- provide for the ongoing education of members of the College
- accredit professional teacher education and ongoing education programs for teachers
- establish and enforce professional standards and ethical standards applicable to members of the College.
Ontario College of Teachers Act
Two regulations under the Act work together to govern teaching qualifications.
The Teachers’ Qualifications Regulation addresses initial and ongoing teachers’ qualifications.
The Accreditation Regulation sets the parameters of the College’s responsibility to accredit teacher education programs in Ontario.
Several regulations under the Education Act govern qualifications for teaching and supervisory roles and highlight the benefits of additional qualifications:
Regulation 298, Operations of Schools – qualifications for principals, vice-principals and teachers
Regulation 296, Ontario Schools for the Blind and the Deaf – qualifications for teachers of students who are deaf, blind or deaf-blind
Regulation 309, Supervisory Officers – qualifications for supervisory officers
Regulation 98/02, Teacher Learning Plans – the importance of defining professional growth objectives
Regulation 99/02, Teacher Performance Appraisal – the importance of adapting and refining teaching practice through continuous learning
Education-related legislation and regulations are available at www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/index.html.
www.oct.ca - Additional Qualifications
www.oct.ca - Additional Qualifications -Course Providers
www.oct.ca - About the College - Education Legislation - Regulation 176/10, Teachers’ Qualifications Regulation
www.osstf.on.ca - Services
Members should consult their employers’ policies to ensure they are familiar with any requirements in their workplace that relate to additional qualifications and teaching assignments.